Faculty of Law

Department of Conservation Kolkheti Peatbogs Habitat and Water Ecosystems

Department of Conservation Kolkheti Peatbogs Habitat and Water Ecosystems is carrying out a research of the unique percolating species of sphagnum peat bogs  -Hispan and Imnat.

Because of the unique location, Kolkheti has a special legend on the world map of the wetlands. As a wonderful phenomenon of its own, it has become a wonder for the whole world – it feeds the percolating type peat bogs with only atmospheric rainfall. This is how it attracted the attention of the scholars and environmentalists from around the world. 

University Scholars have been exploring the highly humid habitats of Kolkheti for over a couple of decades. Hans Joosten, Professor University of Greifswald, Germany, Secretary General of the International Group of Peat Bogs Conservation has made a special contribution to the current research. Prof.  Joosten is a Honorary Doctor of Batumi Shota Rustaveli State University. 

The initial scientific research in the Kolkhida National Park area was carried out in 1929. In 1999-2005, Georgian, Dutch and German scholars continued the research. The findings by Hans Joosten, John Couwenberg, Jeni Schulz, Izolda Machutadze, Amdreas Haberl, Marine Kahrman proved that Hispan 2 (Kobuleti) and Imnat (East Paleastomi Lake, Central Colchis) - are the world's unique percolate type sphagnum peat bogs. 

The Academic Council of the Batumi Shota Rustaveli State University established Department of Conservation Kolkheti Peatbogs Habitat and Water Ecosystems  at the Institute of Phytopathology and Biodiversity in 2014 having taken into account the significance of the scientific research carried out. 

Research studies have been conducted in different directions in the highly humid habitats of Kolkheti peat bogs. The sphagnum peat bogs in the world's unique hydrological regime stand as important research object for hydrological studies. Colchis itself is a special place for zoologists and botanists as a natural environment for the relic (cyanusic) flora and fauna. The wetland is a location which attracts attention of the pallinologists, climatologists, archeologists, geologists and historians.

The Conservation Department of Colchis Peat and Water Ecosystems cooperates with various scientific institutions around the world:

  • International Organization for CABI Combat Biological Method (Switzerland, Deleume)
  • World Environmental Union, World Red List IUCN Red List (Switzerland, Gland)
  • UNESCO Scientific Organization of Environmental Protection (Switzerland, Gland)
  • International Group of Wetland Conservation (Germany, Greifswald)
  • Grapevsward Scientific Center for Tortunnas (Germany, Greifswald)
  • Greifswald University (Germany, Greifswald)
  • Mikhei Zukov Foundation (Germany, Greifswald)
  • Wetlands International (Netherlands, Wahleningen)
  • Ramsar Convention (Switzerland, Gland)
  • World Bank
  • Global Environmental Fund